The Functional Training (Functional Metabolic Training) refers to a class of exercises training body for daily activities.
It comes from rehabilitation exercises in order the patient or injured person to return to everyday life after injury or surgery, with exercises that simulate everyday activities. So if the patient in everyday life had to lift pounds, the restoration would aim to be able to lift a lot of weight if the patient was parent of a young child rehabilitation would aim to him being able to lift many pounds of weight but also to have strength, and if the patient was marathoner, it would aim at a very high resistance.
But always the goals that are set, must be realistic and achievable.
Functional Training aims to create exercises that allow anyone to perform daily activities more easily and without injuries.
As for body building, Functional Training contains many exercises with weights to strengthen the trunk muscles, abdominal and waist. The usual weight training is based on the isolation of muscle groups, so the movements are not the natural movements that practitioners do in their daily life and in sports.
Benefits of Functional Training
Functional training, if performed correctly, will lead to improved balance and movement of joints. This improvement leads to the reduction of potential injuries in sports activities.Compared to machines, it is apparently safer, and limits movement in one plane of movement, something which is unnatural for the body and potentially result in an abnormal body movement or injury. Studies have shown that trainees who use functional training have 58% increased strength compared to those who do static workout with machines. Also, balance is improved by 196% and there is 30% reduction in joint pain.
Restoration (even in patients after stroke)
Rehabilitation after stroke has evolved over the last 15 years from the conventional method in mandating specific exercise techniques include practicing basic functions, capabilities and strength (muscular and cardiovascular). Studies show that patients have greater benefits by doing functional activities and if they practice them in their daily lives, better results are obtained.
Below are the reasons that highlight the importance and advantages of Functional Metabolic Training on the average trainee:
– The human body is designed to move and unfortunately our modern everyday life puts us in an office in front of computers. The Functional training focuses on training based on kinesiology, rather than isolating muscle groups. If one whole day is sitting in his office, workout in the gym bench by static chest press will not be as efficient.
– Functional training helps correct posture and muscle imbalances due to daily routine and hectic lifestyle.
– Functional training provides extremely high rate of fat burning, using total body exercises that improve strength, endurance and increases metabolism.
– They grow strong and Ripped bodies (as in epangalmaties athletes do exercises with movements and body weight).
– Each session includes coaching principles of flexibility, mobility, trunk stability, balance and strength, keeping the body constantly possible, healthy and active.
– The Functional training is necessary for the preparation of athletes. It improves the interaction between the nervous and musculoskeletal system to provide fast, antanaklasitiki and possible movement used in each sport.
– The Functional training each exercise comprises core activation, exerting the torso to stabilize the vertebral column to external forces (yield strength and avoiding injury) through different movements and postures. Therefore mimics the needs generated on the core and spine in our daily needs, in our sports and individual activities.
In order a functional training program to be effective, it should include a set of different elements that can be adapted to the needs and objectives of each trainee:
– Functional exercises based on everyday life and the physical body mechanics.
– Individual program tailored to each individual: Each program must be qualified for the purposes of an individual, focused on meaningful activities. It should also be designed for the health of the individual practitioner, including current or old injuries. Option exercises should be carefully done and the additional load in each exercise.
– Integrated program: It should include a variety of exercises that improve flexibility, trunk and core of the body, balance, strength and power, focusing on multiple traffic levels.
– Progressivity: Gradually increasing difficulty in training.
– Frequency: sharing the diverse workout exercises.
– Frequent repetition of exercises.
– Using everyday objects.
– Inform the trainee about his performance.
The standard equipment includes exercises done with:
– Machines with cables
– Medicine balls
– Body weight
– TRX Straps